"The pen: its story
“beneath the rule of men entirely great,
The pen is mightier than the sword”
The first pen, the stylus, a sharp-pointed iron instrument, was used by the Egyptians many centuries ago for marking on stone and waxed surfaces. In the course of time a marking fluid was discovered, and this made necessary a writing instrument which could make characters on parchment, tree bark, etc.; then followed the reed, used by the ancients, and the Chinese hair brush.
When paper was introduced, a finer pointed instrument was found in the goose quill, cut to a sharp nib. In the eighteenth century the quill was the only instrument in general use for writing and drawing, and with it the greatest masterpieces in literature were written. It was not until 1780 that Samuel Harrison introduced the first metallic pen from a sheet to steel, rolled in the form of a tube, one end cut to a point same as had been done with the quill. Soon afterwards followed the cutting of a rough blank from a thin sheet of steel, rounded and finished as a pen.
In the absence of any definite information, it is believed that the first manufactures of steel pens by mechanical appliance were attributed to John Mitchell, Joseph Gillott and Joshiah Mason, in the early part of the nineteenth century.
The chief center of pen making is in Birmingham, England, where the Spencerian Pens have been made since 1860.
The high-grade steel pen has to pass through fourteen different processes from the sheet steel to the slitting and warnishing. Every Spencerian Pen is carefully examined before being boxed, and should the least imperfection be found, it is rejected and destroyed. Thus the trade mark, “Spencerian”, has attained a world-wide reputation for excellence and uniform quality."